Bringing magical cocoa grains in Spain, the history of cocoa and chocolate becomes more interesting. So many different facts, exciting stories of kings, nobles, researchers, inventors, and entrepreneurs.
What years were the most important for spreading the cult of chocolate drinking outside of America?
When was opened first chocolate store? When did chocolate get the form we enjoy today? How did she get to our premises?
Spain was the first country in which cocoa beans arrived and with them the aesthetic ritual of drinking chocolate. Initially, the royal family and the privileged were enjoying this sweet ritual. Some of the following years were very important for growth, expansion and new inventions.
spain and chocolate
1590. – New recipe for chocolate beverage
In this year Spanish monks created a new chocolate drink based on new recipes. Honey, vanilla, sometimes sugar made from sugar cane, were some ingredients they were using for a chocolate beverage. Those ingredients were base for today known chocolate beverage.
Cocoa beans trade spreads across Europe
1606. – Cocoa beans trade in other European countries and the spreading of cocoa as a plant to other continents
Apart from the Spaniards, merchants, researchers, and travelers from other parts of Europe (Italy, France, Holland, Germany, Switzerland, and Austria) started to visit Central America because of cocoa beans. It is believed that in 1615, the successor to the Spanish-Portuguese throne, Ana María Mauricia, brought a chocolate drink to the French court with the marriage of King Louis XIII. Soon, at many European courts, aristocracy and nobility begin to meet with the pleasure of enjoying a chocolate drink.
During this period, the Dutch raised the first plantations in the Vanameric countries. The new planting of nothing in the eastern-Indian countries of Java and Sumatra, where the cultivation later spread to the Philippines, New Guinea, Samoa and the rest of Indonesia. Interestingly, Belgium, now known as the country with the highest quality chocolate, was in this period under the Spaniards.
1657. – First House of chocolate
This year was remembered as the one when the first “Chocolate House” was opened in London.
1659. – First choco biscuits
King Louis XVI gave permission to dealer David Chaillou to make and sell chocolate biscuit in the first chocolate shop. Unfortunately, chocolate was the privilege just for an upper class.
Switzerland country of alpine milk, watches, and banks
1697. – Switzerland stepped into the choco world
Henry Escher, Mayor of Zurich, drinks his first cup of chocolate in Grand Place, Brussels.
1705. – Chocolate and milk
In Paris, France has created a new chocolate drink recipe where milk was added instead of water.
1728. – A new technique for treating cocoa beans
The Fry family in the UK opens the first chocolate factory where they introduce a new cocoa bean processing technique, a mechanized grinding of cocoa beans.
1737. – Cocoa gets its Latin name
The Latin name for the cocoa tree, Theobroma Cacao, is obtained from the Swedish botanist Karl von Line.
Inventions which changed the flow of sweet chocolate history
1828. – Cocoa butter
Dutchman Kaspar van Huten designed a press to extract cocoa butter from baked and grind cocoa beans. Shortly after, his son, Konrad van Houten, received cocoa powder, darker colors and a milder taste, easily soluble in water. Today, this cocoa powder is known as Dutch chocolate or Dutch cocoa.
1847. – First chcolate bars
After several unsuccessful attempts to get chocolate in a solid state this year, Joseph F. Frau made success.
1867. – Powdered milk
One of the Swiss pioneers in chocolate production, Anri Nestle, finds a way to get milk powder.
Milk chocolate, how good it sounds
1875. – First milk chocolate
Swiss Daniel Peter and Henri Nestle are starting a revolution by adding milk powder to chocolate. The first milk chocolate was created!
1879. – Chocolate becomes soft and creamy
Almost coincidentally, as it usually happens with great inventions, Swiss Rudolf Lint invented the special mixing machine that gives the chocolate a smooth, creamy structure and rich taste.
1910. – Industrialization of choco industries
The cultivation and production of cocoa are moved from Central and South America to Africa and Asia. Large plantations have been replaced by small, independent local farms. Throughout Europe and the United States, true industrialization of chocolate production takes place. Countries like Belgium and Switzerland are at the very top of the innovation.
Njeno veličanstvo pralina
1912. – First pralines
The first Belgian pralines were created and designed by Jean Neuhaus. His wife, Louise Neuhaus, invented the special box for this new product the same year.
Chocolate appeared in Serbia in 1897. The first chocolate shop was established in Belgrade. The first factory was opened in Zemun in 1924 and its owner was Frenchman Daniel Peshmauz. Since then until now big and small producers, created a sweet history, making our childhood and life sweeter.
During its expansion, from the first bitter drink to the present, when there are so many different recipes of chocolate, one thing remained constant: chocolate has never lacked worship from those who are still considered as “food of the gods”.
You can read more about the origin of magical cocoa beans in first part of Sweet chocolate history.